2D Echocardiogram (2D Echo) Test in Bangalore


2D Echocardiogram (2D Echo) Test in BTM layout Bangalore

An echocardiogram, often referred to as a cardiac echo or simply an echo, is a sonogram of the heart. (It is not abbreviated as ECG, because that is an abbreviation for an electrocardiogram.) Echocardiography uses standard two-dimensional, three-dimensional, and Doppler ultrasound to create images of the heart.

Echocardiography has become routinely used in the diagnosis, management, and follow-up of patients with any suspected or known heart diseases. It is one of the most widely used diagnostic tests in cardiology. It can provide a wealth of helpful information, including the size and shape of the heart (internal chamber size quantification), pumping capacity, and the location and extent of any tissue damage. An echocardiogram can also give physicians other estimates of heart function, such as a calculation of the cardiac output, ejection fraction, and diastolic function (how well the heart relaxes).

Echocardiography can help detect cardiomyopathies, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, and many others. The use of stress echocardiography may also help determine whether any chest pain or associated symptoms are related to heart disease. The biggest advantage to echocardiography is that it is not invasive (does not involve breaking the skin or entering body cavities) and has no known risks or side effects.

2D Echocardiogram (2D Echo) Test in Bangalore

Not only can an echocardiogram create ultrasound images of heart structures, but it can also produce accurate assessment of the blood flowing through the heart by Doppler echocardiography, using pulsed- or continuous-wave Doppler ultrasound. This allows assessment of both normal and abnormal blood flow through the heart. Color Doppler, as well as spectral Doppler, is used to visualize any abnormal communications between the left and right sides of the heart, any leaking of blood through the valves (valvular regurgitation), and estimate how well the valves open (or do not open in the case of valvular stenosis). The Doppler technique can also be used for tissue motion and velocity measurement, by tissue Doppler echocardiography.

2D Echocardiogram (2D Echo) Test in Bangalore

Types of Echo Test

Transthoracic Echocardiogram : It is the most common form of echo test, which places the probe or transducer on the chest wall of a human being. During the procedure, the sound waves bounce off the heart structures and the same transducer obtains the return signals and alters it into the visualized images on the screen with the aid of a computer.

Doppler Echocardiogram : It is the second form of echo test, which evaluates the pressure with which blood flows through the heart valves, heart chambers, and blood vessels within the entire body. The test reflects the blood movement in the form of sound waves of the transducer. The ultrasound computer then measures the speed and the direction of the blood flowing through vessels and heart. The measurements of the Doppler get picturized in white and black color.

Stress Echocardiogram : The third type of echo test measures the stress level of the heart. It is supportive in measuring different abnormalities within the muscle function, heart wall, and for this reason, the patient is advised to walk, exercise, or job before the test. It also helps checking that whether your heart is receiving adequate blood flow or not.

Transesophageal Echocardiogram : This is the last type of echo test where the probe moves down the esophagus instead of moving over or outside of the wall of the chest. It illustrates a better picture of your heart. It is because the bones and lungs of the chest wall do not obstruct the sound waves, which the probe generates. An anesthetic and sedative lotion are applied to the throat to make you feel comfortable during the entire procedure.

Reasons to get the Echo test done

Different types of echo tests are performed top judge distinct parameters within the heart. The Transthoracic test detects the presence of any abnormality in the heart. It detects the movement and thickness of the heart wall and check for the functioning of the heart valve. Ailments such as cardiomyopathy, tumors, and blood clots are conveniently detectable with the help of this procedure.

The transthoracic echo test is, on the other hand, helps find out congenital defects within it. If a patient has met with a surgery then its efficacy is easily detectable with this test. Therefore, if you have met with a heart failure or a heart attack or suspect of thickening of lining around the heart, or collection of fluids around the heart, then all this is detectable only through this test.
Doppler echocardiogram measures the speed of the blood traveling to the heart through the vessels. It is the test done to measure blood pressure and blood speed through different heart valves. Lastly, the stress evaluation monitors and identifies the reduction of blood flow to the heart muscles. Such a situation can occur due to high stress level and is combat with intake of medicine and exercise.

What you can expect after Echo test?

Once the echo test gets complete, your sonographer will first wipe off the gel from your body. Your doctor will then, talk you about your echo images and discuss what all results from your heart image reveals. This test does not involve X-rays but makes you show actual movement of your heart valves during the procedure. The Echo test lasts for around 15 to 30mins and is painless. It not only shows the movement, but also the structure and size of various parts of your heart. These parts are the walls and the chambers of the heart.

Echo test is supportive in not only diagnosing major heart issues but also monitoring improvement and changes in the heart size and structure. So, if your doctor recommends you with this test then it is better you go for an immediate diagnose and get it done right away.

Contact Shree Vaishnavi Heart Centre for 2D Echocardiogram (2D Echo) Test in Bangalore.

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